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A brief summary


Germany has been a democratic parliamentary federal republic since 1949. Following reunification in 1990 it now consists of 16 federal states. The Federal President is the head of state and the government is led by the Federal Chancellor.



Germany covers an area of 357,022 sqkm. It is 876 kilometres from its northernmost tip to the southernmost point as the crow flies, and 640 kilometres from east to west.


Germany has the largest population of any European country, around 82 million – a density of 230 people per square kilometre.